Author: Isabel Gardett, PhD

Welcome Message from the Editor-In-Chief

Download PDF Message from the Editor-In-Chief There’s a line from a science fiction novel that, to me, captures the drama of applied research. In William Gibson’s 2003 novel Pattern Recognition, an unknown person or persons are publishing video fragments online one at a time—pieces of a larger story, discovered at random on hidden sites on the internet. Taken together, these fragments are known as “the footage.” In the book, whole online forums are devoted to discovering who is publishing the videos and why. One of the ongoing debates concerns “progressives” versus “completists”...

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Situational Awareness in Emergency Medical Dispatch: An Observation Study and Proposed Model

Download Original Paper Situational awareness (SA, also called situation awareness) is the ability to take in relevant information about an event in order to understand it and take effective action. Maintaining effective SA as an emergency medical dispatcher (EMD) may be more difficult than in other, similarly complex roles because of the remote nature of an emergency call for help. This study attempts to provide insight on one remote SA situation by reporting on a simulation study in which cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) instructions were provided over...

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Barriers Significantly Influence Time to Bystander Compressions in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Download Original Paper Rapid identification of sudden out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and delivery of bystander chest compressions in patients with ventricular fibrillation are key elements in the chain of survival. However, time to bystander compressions can be greatly affected by a wide variety of barriers, some beyond an EMD’s control. s: The aim of this study is to identify and quantify the impact that barriers have on the time taken to achieve bystander compressions for suspected OHCAs. Methods: This retrospective, quantitative cohort...

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Welcome Message from the Editor-in-Chief

Download PDF Message from the Editor-in-Chief In gem cutting, a “facet” is one of the cut faces that causes the gem to shine and sparkle. But facets don’t just reflect light. In the words of the International Gem Society, facets “control the entry and exit of light” from the gem. In other words, cutting a new facet—seeing or finding a new angle on the stone—allows the viewer to literally see further into its depths. It’s an enchanting idea, and one that, surprisingly enough, applies to this issue of AEDR. In 2013, in the second issue ever of AEDR, we published a literature review...

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Persons Descriptions Reported to Emergency Police Dispatch

Download Original Paper Identification of persons based on verbal descriptions is one of the key skills of police work. Gathering as much description information as possible immediately following the event—for example, at the point of emergency police dispatch—could substantially improve the accuracy of suspect descriptions, the ability to locate missing persons quickly, and other key outcomes of effective police work. : The primary objective of this study was to determine what amount and type of persons description information is collected by...

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